Hergt, Oskar

(1869-1967)
   politician; served as first leader of the DNVP (1918-1924). Born to a businessman in Naumburg in Prussian Saxony, he stud-ied law before joining the Prussian civil service* in 1902. After several years with the Finance Ministry, he became the Abgeordnetenhaus' s budget recorder in 1909, a position he retained for six years. In 1917 he was appointed Prussia s* last royal Finance Minister. Although he had never been a party member, he was named chairman of the new DNVP on 9 December 1918; he entered the National Assembly* in 1919 and remained in the Reichstag* until 1933.
   Hergt envisioned the DNVP as a Christian-conservative coalition that, while appealing to the Junkers,* was not dependent on them. Although he loathed the rabid anti-Semites and removed them from the Party in 1922, he was a mon-archist who opposed parliamentary democracy and the Republic. Yet he rejected the 1920 Kapp* Putsch and aimed to cooperate with the parties of the Weimar Coalition.* In consequence of the DNVP's gains in the May 1924 Reichstag elections, he hoped to bring the DNVP into a coalition government. It was at this juncture—the DNVP, with 106 seats, was the Reichstag s second-largest faction—that he was forced to retire as Party and faction chairman. Although he was personally opposed to the Dawes Plan,* he suspended faction discipline during the Dawes vote to avoid a Party split; a violation of DNVP protocol, the act compelled his resignation on 23 October 1924.
   From January 1927 through June 1928 Hergt was Justice Minister under Wil-helm Marx.* Remarkably, he managed during this interval to convince a ma-jority of his faction to back an extension of the Law for the Protection of the Republic*—a law implicitly barring restoration of the monarchy. When crisis threatened Party unity in 1928, DNVP moderates once again supported Hergt for chairman; however, Alfred Hugenberg,* the candidate of the radical Right, won a narrow victory. Although many prominent moderates soon left the Party, Hergt remained. He retired from politics in 1933 and lived thereafter in Gottin-gen. Despite his Party offices, he was always in the shadow of either Karl Helfferich* or Kuno von Westarp.* He was esteemed for maintaining his in-dependence and moderation among the Party s extremists.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Hertzman, DNVP; Leopold, Alfred Hugenberg; NDB, vol. 8.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oskar Hergt — Oskar Hergt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oskar Hergt — Vice Chancellor of Germany In office 28 January 1927 – 12 June 1928 Chancellor Wilhelm Marx Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Hergt — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Jens Hergt (* 1974), deutscher Eishockeyspieler Karl Hergt (1807–1889), deutscher Mediziner Oskar Hergt (1869–1967), deutscher Jurist, Verwaltungsbeamter und Politiker (DNVP), Vizekanzler und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hergt — Hẹrgt,   Oskar, Politiker, * Naumburg/Saale 22. 10. 1869, ✝ Göttingen 9. 5. 1967; im öffentlichen Dienst tätig, war 1917/18 preußischer Finanzminister, 1918 Mitbegründer und bis 1924 Vorsitzender der Deutschnationalen Volkspartei, 1920 33… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Oscar Hergt — Oskar Hergt und Georg von Rheinbaben Oskar Gustav Rudolf Hergt (* 22. Oktober 1869 in Naumburg (Saale); † 9. Mai 1967 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Jurist, Verwaltungsbeamter und Politiker ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Hep–Her — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DNVP — Reichsführertagung der DNVP 1932, Geheimrat Reinhold Quaatz hält eine Rede Die Deutschnationale Volkspartei (DNVP) war eine rechtskonservative Partei in der Weimarer Republik, deren Programmatik Nationalismus, Nationalliberali …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Almrich — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cuno Graf von Westarp — In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Leben im NS Staat Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie recherchierst und einfügst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Curt Joel — Curt Walter Joël, auch Kurt (* 18. Januar 1865 in Greiffenberg, Schlesien; † 15. April 1945 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Jurist, Verwaltungsbeamter und Politiker. Leben und Beruf Joël entstammte einer jüdischen Familie. Nach dem Abitur nahm er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.